is a province near the Myanmar border and is home to the famous Bridge Over the River Kwai. During WW II, Japan constructed the railway line from Ban Pong, Thailand to Thanbyuzayat, Burma. The rail-way line passes through the scenic Three Pagodas Pass and runs for 250 miles. This is now known as the Death Railway. That name was given because there are two well-kept cemeteries, which contain the graves of an estimated 9,000 allied soldiers who lost their lives while building the bridge and constructing the notorious “Death Railway” which the Japanese had hoped to stretch all the way to the Burmese border. The construction was done using POWs and Asian slave laborers in unfavorable conditions. The work started in October 1942 was completed in a year. Due to the difficult terrain, thousands of laborers lost their lives. It is believed that one life was lost for each sleeper laid in the track.
The Bridge Of River Kwai became famous all over the world, when it was featured in movies and books. The cliff-hugging tracks and the natural beauty of the surrounding mountains and valleys are well captured in the David Lean movie. Bridge River Kwai is a tourist destination now. The track is developed into a walkway with side platforms. This allows crossing the railway bridge on foot. These platforms are useful as viewpoints and for avoiding trains. A daily train still runs along the historical route from Kanchanaburi to Nam Tok Railway Station daily.
Also in Kanchanaburi is the Erawan National Park which was designated in June 1975 as Thailand's 12th national park. It covers an area of 550 km of high mountains and valleys. The eastern mountains rise to nearly 1,000 meters with shear limestone cliffs. These mountains protect the area from the eastern monsoon resulting in a low average rainfall. In summer the weather is sweltering, but it is cool between November and February. The main feature of the park is the stunning 7 tired Erawan Waterfall. It is the Park’s main attraction with its emerald green water and the beautiful falls. Also worth to seeing is the Phra That Cave, with its uniquely strange shaped stalactites and stalagmites.